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Tax trends in the world


The number of taxes in the world is reduced, but the overall tax burden on the global economy remains stable.

According to estimates of PricewaterhouseCoopers, in 2004 the world was seven taxes fewer, and now the number is an average of 26.7 per year. Of these, 3.3 of tax applies to payments from company profits, 10.4 - deductions from salary fund and social security contributions, 13 - consumption taxes and other charges. Most collected taxes in Africa (36.1), the lowest - in North America (8,3). In the Top 20 for number of fiscal payments were peripheral Asian and African countries, except for the leader - Venezuela, which, unlike other major oil exporters, does not seek to reduce the number of taxes. In a country such as special taxes levied on the war on drugs, the development of sport (both rate - 1% of operating profit) and the development of science and technology (0.5 % to 2 % of the profits). The collected funds go directly to the appropriate budget funds. In the case of quantitative tax cuts remarkable success has Ukraine, which passed in the years 2009-2014 from 147 to 28 tax payments a year.

The average size of the tax burden on the global economy is estimated at 22.2 % of GDP. According to the World Bank from 2004 to 2011 rate did not change, while in countries with high income per capita burden decreased, as in all others, including the poorest countries, has increased. Significantly lower values of the fiscal burden of the economy can afford, living mainly by energy exports. And exceeding the average level demonstrate mostly European countries that have expensive social security system. Record achievement of East Timor, where the tax burden is 276.7 % of GDP, explained the unique structure of the national economy. Existing since 2002, the state lives almost entirely by hydrocarbon exports and foreign aid (since 1999 , the country received more than USD 8.8 billion, or more than USD 8 thousand per capita), so the actual GDP is several times less than the gross national product (GNP), by whom, and take into account external funding.